The Eastern Ghats is far older than the Western Ghats and the Himalayas; and is a source for many small and medium rivers along the east coastal plains of south India. Comprising of different eco regions they mainly constitute tropical deciduous vegetation. However they have been far less studied and explored as compared to the Western Ghats.

These discontinuous ranges of mountains have earned different levels of protection from the Government of India. While there are a number of protected areas, these are fragmented and mostly based on the conservation of mega-fauna such as tigers, elephants and birds. The Eastern Ghats supports the highest number of Asiatic elephants. The habitat also supports rich herpetofauna such as King Cobras about which studies have been few.

Several other species in south-central India face immense threats of local extinction due to habitat fragmentation, poaching, logging, encroachment of forestland, persecution and retaliation by humans to livestock depredation. In such a scenario, research, capacity building and conservation education can become the pillars bolstering effective community-based actions for wildlife conservation